Section II Cloze (10 points)
Directions: Read the following passage. For each numbered blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1.
Colleges and universities are beginning to change the way they do business, because the students are changing. It used to be 21 most students went to college immediately out of high school, left home for the first time to live 22 campus, and completed a degree in four years to 23 in the world of work in their chosen profession, perhaps never to return to the university again. Today, the growing college population are adult students over the age of 25 who are non- 24 , working full-time, perhaps with a family from diverse backgrounds.
25 , they expect the college or university to 26 to their time constraints and to offer courses that are more 27 than just on-campus. Frequently, they view themselves as 28 to faculty and do not want to sit idly at the knees of masters as 29 listeners. The “one-text/one-test/one-delivery-mode-fits-all” 30 to instruction is becoming less and less 31 . They are becoming more attracted to institutions like the University of Phoenix 32 greeting is, “We’re a new type of university centered 33 you, the student.”
The 34 of this new group of adult learners should not be ignored by institutions of higher education. If this group is dissatisfied, their 35 for the academy will decline. And this dissatisfaction will spread to 36 students of all types.
37 , it is becoming more and more apparent that the university’s role in developing “life-long learners” is 38 , as with the global economic changes new jobs are replacing old ones 39 such an extent that the ability to be a skillful, 40 life-long learner is a requirement to survive in the world of work.
21. A. how B. that C. whether D. when
22. A. at B. in C. on D. across
23. A. start B. propose C. eliminate D. design
24. A. professional B. conventional C. technical D. residential
25. A. Nevertheless B. Incidentally C. Consequently D. Moreover
26. A. adjust B. modify C. revise D. adhere
27. A. beneficial B. appropriate C. brief D. available
28. A. equals B. associates C. partners D. colleagues
29. A. passive B. cautious C. indignant D. attentive
30. A. method B. type C. approach D. model
31. A. considerate B. ideal C. attractive D. indispensable
32. A. that B. which C. whose D. where
33. A. after B. above C. about D. around
34. A. magnificence B. significance C. maintenance D. indifference
35. A. support B. interest C. mind D. appreciation
36. A. incredible B. industrious C. previous D. potential
37. A. However B. Further C. Therefore D. Thus
38. A. marvelous B. fatal C. critical D. optional
39. A. to B. for C. at D. in
40. A. imaginary B. negative C. conservative D. motivated